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H.Moser & Cie. Pioneer Centre Seconds
TOP
H.Moser & Cie. Pioneer Centre Seconds
Rs. 754,245
Seller
chronostars
13
AT
Hublot Big Bang Mexico - Box & Papers 2010
TOP
Hublot Big Bang Mexico - Box & Papers 2010
Rs. 1,619,004
Seller
Mark Worthington Jewellers
132
UK
Vacheron Constantin Overseas Automatic
TOP
Vacheron Constantin Overseas Automatic
Rs. 1,278,145
Seller
Ronald Grob, Exklusive Zeitmesser
171
CH
Doxa GRANDE METRE BLUE PLANET LIMITED EDITION 800PCS WORLD
TOP
Doxa GRANDE METRE BLUE PLANET LIMITED EDITION 800PCS WORLD
Rs. 249,978
Free shipping
Seller
Przedsiębiorstwo Handlowe Usługowe
174
PL
Rolex Datejust
Rolex Datejust
Rs. 290,737
Seller
Private Seller
IN
Seiko
Seiko
Rs. 2,907
Seller
Private Seller
IN
Cartier Ballon Bleu 44mm
Cartier Ballon Bleu 44mm
Rs. 508,712
Seller
Private Seller
IN
Baume & Mercier Riviera Automatic
Baume & Mercier Riviera Automatic
Rs. 50,879
Seller
Private Seller
IN
Citizen-4-R18029 RC
Citizen-4-R18029 RC
Rs. 4,000
Seller
Private Seller
IN
Omega DYNAMIC GENEVE DAY & DATE
Omega DYNAMIC GENEVE DAY & DATE
Rs. 45,000
Seller
Private Seller
IN
Longines
Longines
Rs. 25,000
Seller
Private Seller
IN
Rolex Datejust 116234 Diamond dial Jubile Stahl Weißgold...
TOP
Rolex Datejust 116234 Diamond dial Jubile Stahl Weißgold...
Rs. 601,665
Seller
Uhrenkapital
370
DE
Cartier Ballon Bleu De Cartier
Cartier Ballon Bleu De Cartier
Rs. 220,957
Seller
Private Seller
IN
Panerai Luminor 1950 3 Days GMT Automatic
Panerai Luminor 1950 3 Days GMT Automatic
Rs. 420,000
Seller
Private Seller
IN
Corum Admiral´s Cup Regatta 18k Rose Gold Edición Limitada
TOP
Corum Admiral´s Cup Regatta 18k Rose Gold Edición Limitada
Rs. 1,145,794
Seller
CANTELI JOYEROS SL
22
ES
Omega Constellation Day-Date Automatic Chronometer Officially...
Omega Constellation Day-Date Automatic Chronometer Officially...
Rs. 150,000
Seller
Private Seller
IN
Panerai Radiomir 1940 3 Days Automatic
Panerai Radiomir 1940 3 Days Automatic
Rs. 632,280
Seller
Private Seller
IN
Chronoswiss Répétition à quarts
TOP
Chronoswiss Répétition à quarts
Rs. 1,809,365
Seller
Fernando Monge SA
142
ES
A. Lange & Söhne Langematik Perpetual English dial
TOP
A. Lange & Söhne Langematik Perpetual English dial
Rs. 4,283,125
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
511
UK
Hublot Big Bang Tutti Frutti
TOP
Hublot Big Bang Tutti Frutti
Rs. 1,461,260
Free shipping
Seller
Chronometrie Stäuble AG
 
CH
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph 44mm Platinum...
TOP
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Chronograph 44mm Platinum...
Rs. 3,183,570
Seller
Sky Diamond
64
US
Rado 56-H Chronometre, 1st Version, Very Rare
TOP
Rado 56-H Chronometre, 1st Version, Very Rare
Rs. 567,658
Seller
Plus Ultra AG
5
CH
Tissot Le Locle
TOP
Tissot Le Locle
Rs. 35,281
Seller
First Advanced Watches
55
ES
Ulysse Nardin Marine Dive
TOP
Ulysse Nardin Marine Dive
Rs. 449,250
Seller
CANTELI JOYEROS SL
22
ES
Omega Constellation special OM Dial
TOP
Omega Constellation special OM Dial
Rs. 288,509
Seller
AmsterdamTimeClassics
43
NL
Audemars Piguet Classic Automatic
TOP
Audemars Piguet Classic Automatic
Rs. 370,940
Seller
LE MUSE sas
99
IT
Ulysse Nardin Maxi Marine Chronometer 41mm
TOP
Ulysse Nardin Maxi Marine Chronometer 41mm
Rs. 1,067,484
Seller
Fernando Monge SA
142
ES
Jaeger-LeCoultre Polaris Automatic
TOP
Jaeger-LeCoultre Polaris Automatic
Rs. 548,992
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
511
UK
Rolex Lady-Datejust
TOP
Rolex Lady-Datejust
Rs. 1,170,473
Free shipping
Seller
Chronometrie Stäuble AG
 
CH
Patek Philippe Calatrava
TOP
Patek Philippe Calatrava
Rs. 1,442,949
Seller
Bijouterie-Horlogerie Langel
63
CH
Rolex Early 1603 with rare black gloss dial
TOP
Rolex Early 1603 with rare black gloss dial
Rs. 601,748
Seller
Cosimo Superior Rare Wrist Watches
9
NL
Omega chronometer rated cal 333 RG
TOP
Omega chronometer rated cal 333 RG
Rs. 229,256
Seller
The Watch Collector Ltd.
98
UK
Graham Tourbillograph Silverstone Retail 112.000,-
TOP
Graham Tourbillograph Silverstone Retail 112.000,-
Rs. 3,008,738
Seller
Juwelier Pieter Jacobs
186
NL
Rolex 1990s 18K/SS Datejust White Dial w/ Rolex Box & Papers...
TOP
Rolex 1990s 18K/SS Datejust White Dial w/ Rolex Box & Papers...
Rs. 384,863
Seller
Austins Watches Inc.
231
US
Oris Aquis Small Second
TOP
Oris Aquis Small Second
Rs. 112,519
Seller
First Advanced Watches
55
ES
Parmigiani Fleurier Tonda Quator
TOP
Parmigiani Fleurier Tonda Quator
Rs. 1,205,556
Seller
Fernando Monge SA
142
ES
Jaeger-LeCoultre Polaris Automatic
TOP
Jaeger-LeCoultre Polaris Automatic
Rs. 548,992
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
511
UK
Hublot Big Bang Tutti Frutti Pop Art
TOP
Hublot Big Bang Tutti Frutti Pop Art
Rs. 1,794,530
Free shipping
Seller
Chronometrie Stäuble AG
 
CH
Breitling CHRONOMAT 44 GMT AUTOMATIC AB042011
TOP
Breitling CHRONOMAT 44 GMT AUTOMATIC AB042011
Rs. 472,331
Free shipping
Seller
RIVIERAWATCH
105
FR
IWC Pilot’s Watch Automatic Date Grey - 324002
TOP
IWC Pilot’s Watch Automatic Date Grey - 324002
Rs. 239,050
Free shipping
Seller
Pawndeluxe
231
NL
Rolex GMT-Master II 116759SARU june 2020 Rolex warranty
TOP
Rolex GMT-Master II 116759SARU june 2020 Rolex warranty
Rs. 5,687,752
Seller
MMC RIVIERA
6
MC
Epos Sophistiquée 3423SK
Straight from the manufacturer
Epos Sophistiquée 3423SK
Rs. 147,964
Seller
EPOS Uhren
Heuer Monaco "Steve McQueen"
TOP
Heuer Monaco "Steve McQueen"
Rs. 1,406,326
Free shipping
Seller
Rent a Box Schmuck und Uhren AG
11
CH
Tissot Luxury  Automático Gent
TOP
Tissot Luxury Automático Gent
Rs. 43,689
Seller
First Advanced Watches
55
ES
Chopard Classic diamonds rose gold
TOP
Chopard Classic diamonds rose gold
Rs. 618,234
Seller
Fernando Monge SA
142
ES
Montblanc 1858 Geosphere
TOP
Montblanc 1858 Geosphere
Rs. 329,725
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
511
UK
Rolex Lady-Datejust
TOP
Rolex Lady-Datejust
Rs. 802,045
Free shipping
Seller
Chronometrie Stäuble AG
 
CH
NOMOS Zurich World Time - refurbished
Straight from the manufacturer
NOMOS Zurich World Time - refurbished
Rs. 314,887
BrandBoutique Member
NOMOS Glashütte
Rolex 14K Gold Ladies Oyster Perpetual w/ Original Box & Papers
TOP
Rolex 14K Gold Ladies Oyster Perpetual w/ Original Box & Papers
Rs. 363,058
Seller
Austins Watches Inc.
231
US
Patek Philippe Nautilus 3800 18K White Gold first serie 1996
TOP
Patek Philippe Nautilus 3800 18K White Gold first serie 1996
Rs. 5,358,028
Seller
MMC RIVIERA
6
MC
Epos Emotion 3390SK
Straight from the manufacturer
Epos Emotion 3390SK
Rs. 150,849
Seller
EPOS Uhren
Chopard Mille Miglia GMT Limited Edition 2005
TOP
Chopard Mille Miglia GMT Limited Edition 2005
Rs. 354,454
Seller
MASTROLORENZI S.A.S DI MATTIA MASTROLORENZI & CO.
64
IT
IWC Pilot Chronograph limited The Last Flight 8000ht
TOP
IWC Pilot Chronograph limited The Last Flight 8000ht
Rs. 783,096
Free shipping
Seller
RIVIERAWATCH
105
FR
Chopard Legendary President XL Case Size 37mm  18K White Gold
TOP
Chopard Legendary President XL Case Size 37mm 18K White Gold
Rs. 321,482
Free shipping
Seller
Pawndeluxe
231
NL
Cartier Ballon Bleu De Cartier Watch
TOP
Cartier Ballon Bleu De Cartier Watch
Rs. 490,466
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
511
UK
Chaumet Liens
TOP
Chaumet Liens
Rs. 208,751
Free shipping
Seller
Chronometrie Stäuble AG
 
CH
NOMOS Ahoi Date - refurbished
Straight from the manufacturer
NOMOS Ahoi Date - refurbished
Rs. 244,821
BrandBoutique Member
NOMOS Glashütte
Rolex 1991 18K/SS DATEJUST Black Jubilee Arabic - Leather - 16233
TOP
Rolex 1991 18K/SS DATEJUST Black Jubilee Arabic - Leather - 16233
Rs. 268,568
Seller
Austins Watches Inc.
231
US
Rolex GMT-Master II 116758SARU with 2 years warranty
TOP
Rolex GMT-Master II 116758SARU with 2 years warranty
Rs. 5,687,752
Seller
MMC RIVIERA
6
MC
Epos Sportive 3441 Diver Blue
Straight from the manufacturer
Epos Sportive 3441 Diver Blue
Rs. 94,796
Seller
EPOS Uhren
Rolex GMT-Master Concorde 1675/8 yellow gold
TOP
Rolex GMT-Master Concorde 1675/8 yellow gold
Rs. 8,711,719
Free shipping
Seller
A Collected Man
14
UK
IWC Schaffhausen Yacht Club 18K / 750  Gold mens watch + Box
TOP
IWC Schaffhausen Yacht Club 18K / 750 Gold mens watch + Box
Rs. 458,420
Seller
Fine Auction Club
256
UK
Bell & Ross Automatic Diamonds 46mm Watch Box/Papers MINT
TOP
Bell & Ross Automatic Diamonds 46mm Watch Box/Papers MINT
Rs. 261,591
Free shipping
Seller
Chronodynamix
96
US
IWC Big Pilot’s Heritage
TOP
IWC Big Pilot’s Heritage
Rs. 840,798
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
511
UK
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Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Mechanical Timepieces

Automatic watches are powered by the natural motion of your wrist while you wear them. This type of watch has a rich history reaching back to the 18th century. Today, countless brands produce their own automatic calibers for their watches.

Highlights

  • Automatically wound by the natural movements of your arm
  • Environmentally-friendly: No batteries to produce or throw away
  • The Rolex Oyster Perpetual is one of the most famous automatic watches
  • John Harwood is considered the inventor of the automatic wristwatch
  • Automatic watches available in almost every price range

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Timepieces

Automatic watches fall under the larger umbrella term of mechanical watches. They offer a key advantage over manual timepieces: They wind automatically via the movement of the wearer's arm. An oscillating mass inside the caliber is responsible for winding the spring. Today, this is in most cases a winding rotor. It is flexibly mounted so that gravity pulls it towards the center. When you're wearing the watch and move your wrist, the rotor moves and gives the caliber new energy. Automatic watches don't require batteries, making mechanical watches comparably more environmentally friendly than battery-powered quartz watches.

Automatic watches are available from almost every famous watch manufacturer in all price ranges. Less expensive models are often powered by base calibers made by the ébauche manufacturers ETA, Soprod, or Sellita. Various manufacturers use these calibers in a more or less reworked form in their watches. These calibers even power the watches made by famous brands such as Breitling and TAG Heuer. However, both manufacturers have developed their own in-house movements as well.

Rolex and Patek Philippe are some of the most well-known watch manufacturers. Unlike many other brands, these two Geneva-based manufacturers don't outsource base calibers. Instead, they use their own. For example, Rolex's caliber 3130 is considered very robust, reliable, and precise. These qualities and more make the caliber one of the best automatic movements on the market; it powers Rolex watches such as the Submariner. Since Rolex produces their watches almost entirely in-house, production is costlier. This results in higher prices for automatic watches with in-house movements.

Buying Tips

If you're searching for an automatic watch, the hard part is actually choosing one. Should it be large or small, simple or extravagant, affordable or expensive? The selection is ample for every taste and budget. Pre-owned automatic watches from Citizen, Seiko, or Swatch are available for around 50 euros. These watches often only have three hands for the hours, minutes, and seconds. Some also have a date or even day/date display.

In the price range between 100 and 200 euros, you can find diverse new automatic watches from brands like Seiko or Fossil. Pre-owned watches from long-established manufacturers such as Tissot, Hamilton, or Longines cost up to 500 euros. The situation is similar in the 1,000 euros and under price range, though here you can also find new models from the German brand Marcello C.

In the 1,000 euro price range, you can find pre-owned Omega or Breitling watches. New automatic three-hand watches are available from Oris, Raymond Weil, or Rado.

However, if you're looking for an automatic chronograph, you need to adjust your budget accordingly. A pre-owned automatic chronograph costs at least 500 euros; this applies to watches from brands such as Tissot or Hamilton. New chronographs cost a few hundred euros more, around 800 euros. These watches are often powered by ETA's Valjoux 7750, which is considered one of the most successful automatic chronograph calibers in the world.

If you're searching for a new automatic Rolex, you need to plan on spending at least 3,000 euros. You can purchase the introductory model, Oyster Perpetual, for this price. You can occasionally find pre-owned vintage watches from this Genevan manufacturer for less than 1,000 euros. The Submariner, one of the first and most famous diving watches in the world, is available pre-owned for around 4,100 euros. New, it costs around 5,600 euros. Rolex's chronograph, the Daytona, is available for around 7,500 euros.

The most expensive automatic watches are from brands such as Audemars Piguet and Patek Philippe. These watches are often made of platinum or 18-karat gold and feature countless diamonds on their dial and/or case. At times, these watches are also incredibly expensive as they're rare vintage watches coveted by collectors. Prices over 1 million euros are not too rare when it comes to these watches.

The Technology Behind Automatic Watches

The mainspring of an automatic watch is, as the name suggests, automatically wound by the movement itself. The mainspring is wound, becomes tense, and stores energy. This happens through the natural movements of the wearer's arm when the watch is on his or her wrist. This mechanism eliminates the need to manually wind the mainspring. Instead, an oscillating mass - often the rotor - winds the mainspring. Gravity causes the flexibly mounted rotor to move towards the center and a gear-train transfers the energy from the rotor's movement to the barrel. Viewed from a physics standpoint, the mechanism converts kinetic energy into potential energy.

There are automatic movements that wind in one or both directions. Bi-directional winding movements have so-called reverser gears. These ensure that the rotor winds the barrel in both directions. Uni-directional winding movements actually wind bidirectionally, but the mainspring is only wound in one direction. Both variants have a reduction gear which converts the fast movements of the rotor into slower movements with more torque. The end of the mainspring is not directly connected to the barrel so that it doesn't snap off when it's fully wound. The outer end of the spring is outfitted with a bridle, which keeps the pressure on the mainspring's outermost coil. When not fully wound, that pressure allows the outer end of the mainspring to be caught in a notch in the barrel wall. Once the spring is fully wound, it moves along to the next notch.

Automatic watches have many advantages: They're comfortable, environmentally-friendly, and usually more precise. This improved precision is due to the mainspring, which is always tense and has a more constant torque than mainsprings in hand-wound calibers. This has a positive effect on the amplitude. The amplitude is the balance wheel's degree of rotation and refers to the wheel's maximum rotation angle between equilibrium and a reversal point.

Technical Details of Automatic Watches

  • The winding rotor winds the mainspring in the barrel
  • Advantages: no manual winding required, environmentally-friendly, more precise
  • Uni-directional and bi-directional winding movements

The Origins of Automatic Watches

Automatic winding is one of the most important and long-lasting innovations in the history of watchmaking and the mechanism is one of the most widespread complications in use today.

Today's automatic watches can trace their origin back to the year 1729. Abraham-Louis Perrelet improved the winding mechanism of pocket watches in the 18th century. A small key was required to wind a movement before this improvement. Since the key was never there when you needed it, winding mechanisms that didn't require a key were in high demand. Perrelet wanted to invent a self-winding pocket watch. In 1770, he introduced his pedometer watch after countless attempts. The watch had an oscillating weight which teetered back and forth as the wearer walked. The motion caused the oscillating weight to tense the mainspring. Perrelet also developed a caliber with a winding rotor which swiveled above the movement. With these innovations, the groundwork for today's automatic watches was laid.

Refined men carried their pocket watches tucked away safely in their jacket, vest, or pants. The timepieces barely moved while in their pockets, which meant that the oscillating mass didn't have enough energy to wind the mainspring. The crown-wind method solved the key-wind problem in the mid-19th century, making the automatic pocket watch superfluous.

The First Automatic Wristwatches

The French watchmaker Léon Leroy was also a pioneer in the development of automatic watches. He presented his first automatic wristwatch in 1922. Some of these watches even had a date display. However, Leroy was far away from being able to mass produce a series.

The British watchmaker John Harwood lead automatic wristwatches to series production. He began working on automatic movements in 1922. Two years later, he patented his work, paving the way for the first series-produced automatic wristwatches.

Rolex's Oyster Perpetual was one of the first automatic wristwatches. Rolex introduced the watch to the market in 1931. It's one of the few early models that has lasted over the years and is still produced today. The principle behind Oyster Perpetual's winding rotor is at the heart of every modern automatic wristwatch.

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