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Franck Muller V 45 T Gravity CS Yachting 5N.BL
TOP
Franck Muller V 45 T Gravity CS Yachting 5N.BL
Rs. 5,530,344
Seller
VI Watch Guy
71
VI
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore SELFWINDING CHRONOGRAPH
TOP
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore SELFWINDING CHRONOGRAPH
Rs. 1,744,526
Seller
LUXE WARE (HK) LIMITED
43
HK
Tudor Classic Date stainless steel and yellow gold, full set
TOP
Tudor Classic Date stainless steel and yellow gold, full set
Rs. 339,959
Seller
My Local Time
 
CH
Hublot King Power F1 India,  Ltd Edition, Box & Papers
TOP
Hublot King Power F1 India, Ltd Edition, Box & Papers
Rs. 1,593,972
Seller
Tempvs Ltd
99
UK
Rolex Daytona Black PVD/DLC Coated Stainless Steel Watch 116520
TOP
Rolex Daytona Black PVD/DLC Coated Stainless Steel Watch 116520
Rs. 1,278,903
Seller
Watch My Diamonds
105
US
Hublot Big Bang Chronograph 44mm Limited Edition XX/10
TOP
Hublot Big Bang Chronograph 44mm Limited Edition XX/10
Rs. 712,382
Seller
Joaillerie Royale
476
BE
Bulgari Octo Finissimo Microtor  Ultrapiatto 40mm Pink Gold 18K T
TOP
Bulgari Octo Finissimo Microtor Ultrapiatto 40mm Pink Gold 18K T
Rs. 2,677,355
Free shipping
Seller
Plus Watch - Luxury Watches
2660
IT
Rolex Vintage 1952 Oyster Perpetual 30mm 6548 14k Rose Gold SS...
TOP
Rolex Vintage 1952 Oyster Perpetual 30mm 6548 14k Rose Gold SS...
Rs. 317,323
Seller
GMTSKY
342
US
Glashütte Original Glashutte Original PanomaticReserve...
TOP
Glashütte Original Glashutte Original PanomaticReserve...
Rs. 1,721,427
Seller
Metals In Time
5
US
Sinn 103 St Sa RB Classic Watch Sondermodell
TOP
Sinn 103 St Sa RB Classic Watch Sondermodell
Rs. 196,105
Seller
Classic Watch
17
DE
A. Lange & Söhne Langematik Perpetual English dial
TOP
A. Lange & Söhne Langematik Perpetual English dial
Rs. 4,154,226
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
397
UK
Montblanc Bohème Perpetual Calendar, full set
TOP
Montblanc Bohème Perpetual Calendar, full set
Rs. 894,993
Seller
My Local Time
 
CH
Jaeger-LeCoultre Reverso Squadra Hometime Rose Gold 230.2.77
TOP
Jaeger-LeCoultre Reverso Squadra Hometime Rose Gold 230.2.77
Rs. 756,405
Seller
Filipucci Juweliers
411
NL
Rolex Datejust 31mm White MOP Diamond Dial/Diamond Bezel 68273
TOP
Rolex Datejust 31mm White MOP Diamond Dial/Diamond Bezel 68273
Rs. 449,299
Seller
Watch My Diamonds
105
US
Tissot Visodate
Tissot Visodate
Rs. 22,000
Seller
Private Seller
IN
Bulgari Carbon Gold Automatic 40mm Blue Dial T  102634
TOP
Bulgari Carbon Gold Automatic 40mm Blue Dial T 102634
Rs. 152,001
Free shipping
Seller
Plus Watch - Luxury Watches
2660
IT
Ateliers deMonaco Tourbillon Oculus 1297 Titane
Straight from the manufacturer
Ateliers deMonaco Tourbillon Oculus 1297 Titane
Rs. 4,682,510
BrandBoutique Member
Les Ateliers deMonaco SARL
Rolex Unpolished 1993 TT Datejust Factory Blue Dial w/ Rolex Box
TOP
Rolex Unpolished 1993 TT Datejust Factory Blue Dial w/ Rolex Box
Rs. 269,275
Seller
Austins Watches Inc.
167
US
Audemars Piguet QE II Cup Ref-15334OROO 18k Rose Gold Limited...
TOP
Audemars Piguet QE II Cup Ref-15334OROO 18k Rose Gold Limited...
Rs. 1,231,060
Seller
Bachmann & Scher
41
DE
Breguet Hora Mundi 5727
TOP
Breguet Hora Mundi 5727
Rs. 3,657,960
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
397
UK
Rolex GMT Master 6542 Stella dial gold 18KT  Full Set 1957th
TOP
Rolex GMT Master 6542 Stella dial gold 18KT Full Set 1957th
Price on request
Seller
Watches Management
25
IT
Ulysse Nardin Classico Automatic All Stianless Steel 8103-116-...
TOP
Ulysse Nardin Classico Automatic All Stianless Steel 8103-116-...
Rs. 239,728
Free shipping
Seller
Pawndeluxe
90
NL
Rolex Datejust 36mm Silver String Diamond Dial/Bezel/Lugs 16014
TOP
Rolex Datejust 36mm Silver String Diamond Dial/Bezel/Lugs 16014
Rs. 497,693
Seller
Watch My Diamonds
105
US
Stuhrling Vintage Stuhrling Original Mens Stainless Steel,...
Stuhrling Vintage Stuhrling Original Mens Stainless Steel,...
Rs. 6,500
Seller
Private Seller
IN
Chopard Mille Miglia Monaco Historique 2010 box & papers complete
TOP
Chopard Mille Miglia Monaco Historique 2010 box & papers complete
Rs. 354,773
Seller
Vintage & Prestige
18
UK
Rolex Oyster Perpetual 36 Ref. 116000 Zifferblatt Silber A
TOP
Rolex Oyster Perpetual 36 Ref. 116000 Zifferblatt Silber A
Rs. 356,191
Seller
Uhren2000 GmbH
324
DE
Rolex 2004 TT Submariner Factory Serti Dial Original Box & Papers
TOP
Rolex 2004 TT Submariner Factory Serti Dial Original Box & Papers
Rs. 725,557
Seller
Austins Watches Inc.
167
US
Glashütte Original PanoMaticLunar
TOP
Glashütte Original PanoMaticLunar
Rs. 633,940
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
397
UK
Omega De Ville Platinum Co-Axial Limited Rattrapante 41mm
TOP
Omega De Ville Platinum Co-Axial Limited Rattrapante 41mm
Rs. 1,040,558
Seller
KROMINI GOLD IMPEX S.R.L
29
RO
Chaumet Sports Class One 39 Automatic Date W 17281
TOP
Chaumet Sports Class One 39 Automatic Date W 17281
Rs. 108,058
Free shipping
Seller
Pawndeluxe
90
NL
Rolex Datejust 36mm Dark Grey Diamond Dial/Bezel/Lugs 16014
TOP
Rolex Datejust 36mm Dark Grey Diamond Dial/Bezel/Lugs 16014
Rs. 497,693
Seller
Watch My Diamonds
105
US
Arnold & Son Arnold and Son GMT Timekeeper II
Arnold & Son Arnold and Son GMT Timekeeper II
Rs. 175,000
Seller
Private Seller
IN
F.P.Journe Octa Calendrier Platinum LE NEW
TOP
F.P.Journe Octa Calendrier Platinum LE NEW
Rs. 3,361,802
Seller
Noblesse LP
56
UK
Chopard cal. 80 automatic vintage dress watch 18k yellow gold
TOP
Chopard cal. 80 automatic vintage dress watch 18k yellow gold
Rs. 136,171
Seller
Vintage & Prestige
18
UK
Tudor Heritage Black Bay Automatik Dark 79230DK Lederband
TOP
Tudor Heritage Black Bay Automatik Dark 79230DK Lederband
Rs. 227,322
Seller
Uhren2000 GmbH
324
DE
Girard Perregaux Vintage Chronograph
TOP
Girard Perregaux Vintage Chronograph
Rs. 853,800
Seller
Metals In Time
5
US
Baume & Mercier Riviera Automatic
Baume & Mercier Riviera Automatic
Rs. 55,307
Seller
Private Seller
IN
Oris Artelier Translucent Skeleton
TOP
Oris Artelier Translucent Skeleton
Rs. 141,676
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
397
UK
IWC Big Ingenieur 7 Days Platinum Limited to 500 pcs.45.5mm
TOP
IWC Big Ingenieur 7 Days Platinum Limited to 500 pcs.45.5mm
Rs. 1,400,751
Seller
KROMINI GOLD IMPEX S.R.L
29
RO
Rolex Datejust 31mm Black Diamond Dial 68273
TOP
Rolex Datejust 31mm Black Diamond Dial 68273
Rs. 414,733
Seller
Watch My Diamonds
105
US
Rolex Oyster Perpetual
TOP
Rolex Oyster Perpetual
Rs. 207,332
Seller
The Vintage Luxury
 
US
Baume & Mercier Capeland
Baume & Mercier Capeland
Rs. 100,000
Seller
Private Seller
IN
Seiko Moonphase Automatic 23 Jewels
Seiko Moonphase Automatic 23 Jewels
Rs. 31,110
Seller
Private Seller
IN
F.P.Journe Octa Quantieme Perpetuel NEW
TOP
F.P.Journe Octa Quantieme Perpetuel NEW
Rs. 4,286,284
Seller
Noblesse LP
56
UK
Omega Rare -OMEGA Dynamic Deville Automatic vintage watch
TOP
Omega Rare -OMEGA Dynamic Deville Automatic vintage watch
Rs. 30,000
Seller
Private Seller
IN
Cartier Ballon Bleu De Cartier
Cartier Ballon Bleu De Cartier
Rs. 295,987
Seller
Private Seller
IN
Panerai Radiomir Chronograph 42 mm Ref. PAM00369
TOP
Panerai Radiomir Chronograph 42 mm Ref. PAM00369
Rs. 449,841
Seller
Uhren2000 GmbH
324
DE
Audemars Piguet Classic Moonphase Classique 18K Gold Automatic...
TOP
Audemars Piguet Classic Moonphase Classique 18K Gold Automatic...
Rs. 320,172
Seller
KROMINI GOLD IMPEX S.R.L
29
RO
Rolex Datejust 36mm Black Diamond Dial 16013
TOP
Rolex Datejust 36mm Black Diamond Dial 16013
Rs. 414,733
Seller
Watch My Diamonds
105
US
Rolex Submariner Date Steel Ceramic Black Dial 116610LN NEW
TOP
Rolex Submariner Date Steel Ceramic Black Dial 116610LN NEW
Rs. 661,954
Free shipping
Seller
Watch Noble
11
US
Rolex GMT Master 1675/8 PCG Cornino
TOP
Rolex GMT Master 1675/8 PCG Cornino
Rs. 3,121,673
Seller
MMC RIVIERA
5
MC
Chopard Imperiale 36 mm
TOP
Chopard Imperiale 36 mm
Rs. 2,408,491
Seller
WatchesofMayfair.com
397
UK
Sinn Automatic
Sinn Automatic
Rs. 84,045
Free shipping
Seller
A. Grimmeissen Uhren An- und Verkauf
172
DE
Hamilton Pan Europ
TOP
Hamilton Pan Europ
Rs. 64,214
Seller
WatchNation Limited
59
UK
Bell & Ross BR01-94FULLD-H
TOP
Bell & Ross BR01-94FULLD-H
Rs. 1,244,405
Seller
Private Seller
IN
Patek Philippe 5170R-010 - Rose Gold - Men - Complications
TOP
Patek Philippe 5170R-010 - Rose Gold - Men - Complications
Rs. 4,009,750
Seller
WATCHGUY NYC
 
US
Paul Picot Technograph Bicolor Automatic 18k Pink Gold 44 mm
TOP
Paul Picot Technograph Bicolor Automatic 18k Pink Gold 44 mm
Rs. 384,206
Seller
KROMINI GOLD IMPEX S.R.L
29
RO
Hublot 301.sx.130.rx
TOP
Hublot 301.sx.130.rx
Rs. 1,037,004
Seller
Watch My Diamonds
105
US
Rolex Submariner Steel Ceramic Green Dial Watch 40mm NEW
TOP
Rolex Submariner Steel Ceramic Green Dial Watch 40mm NEW
Rs. 870,876
Free shipping
Seller
Watch Noble
11
US
Frederique Constant Slimline Moonphase Stars Manufacture
Straight from the manufacturer
Frederique Constant Slimline Moonphase Stars Manufacture
Rs. 343,784
BrandBoutique Member
Frederique Constant SA
Patek Philippe World Time
Patek Philippe World Time
Rs. 8,370,200
Seller
Dragon Watch
 
HK
  • 30
  • 60
  • 120

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Mechanical Timepieces

Automatic watches are powered by the natural motion of your wrist while you wear them. This type of watch has a rich history reaching back to the 18th century. Today, countless brands produce their own automatic calibers for their watches.

Highlights

  • Automatically wound by the natural movements of your arm
  • Environmentally-friendly: No batteries to produce or throw away
  • The Rolex Oyster Perpetual is one of the most famous automatic watches
  • John Harwood is considered the inventor of the automatic wristwatch
  • Automatic watches available in almost every price range

Automatic Watches: Self-Winding Timepieces

Automatic watches fall under the larger umbrella term of mechanical watches. They offer a key advantage over manual timepieces: They wind automatically via the movement of the wearer's arm. An oscillating mass inside the caliber is responsible for winding the spring. Today, this is in most cases a winding rotor. It is flexibly mounted so that gravity pulls it towards the center. When you're wearing the watch and move your wrist, the rotor moves and gives the caliber new energy. Automatic watches don't require batteries, making mechanical watches comparably more environmentally friendly than battery-powered quartz watches.
Automatic watches are available from almost every famous watch manufacturer in all price ranges. Less expensive models are often powered by base calibers made by the ébauche manufacturers ETA, Soprod, or Sellita. Various manufacturers use these calibers in a more or less reworked form in their watches. These calibers even power the watches made by famous brands such as Breitling and TAG Heuer. However, both manufacturers have developed their own in-house movements as well.
Rolex and Patek Philippe are some of the most well-known watch manufacturers. Unlike many other brands, these two Geneva-based manufacturers don't outsource base calibers. Instead, they use their own. For example, Rolex's caliber 3130 is considered very robust, reliable, and precise. These qualities and more make the caliber one of the best automatic movements on the market; it powers Rolex watches such as the Submariner. Since Rolex produces their watches almost entirely in-house, production is costlier. This results in higher prices for automatic watches with in-house movements.

Buying Tips

If you're searching for an automatic watch, the hard part is actually choosing one. Should it be large or small, simple or extravagant, affordable or expensive? The selection is ample for every taste and budget. Pre-owned automatic watches from Citizen, Seiko, or Swatch are available for around 50 euros. These watches often only have three hands for the hours, minutes, and seconds. Some also have a date or even day/date display.
In the price range between 100 and 200 euros, you can find diverse new automatic watches from brands like Seiko or Fossil. Pre-owned watches from long-established manufacturers such as Tissot, Hamilton, or Longines cost up to 500 euros. The situation is similar in the 1,000 euros and under price range, though here you can also find new models from the German brand Marcello C.
In the 1,000 euro price range, you can find pre-owned Omega or Breitling watches. New automatic three-hand watches are available from Oris, Raymond Weil, or Rado.
However, if you're looking for an automatic chronograph, you need to adjust your budget accordingly. A pre-owned automatic chronograph costs at least 500 euros; this applies to watches from brands such as Tissot or Hamilton. New chronographs cost a few hundred euros more, around 800 euros. These watches are often powered by ETA's Valjoux 7750, which is considered one of the most successful automatic chronograph calibers in the world.
If you're searching for a new automatic Rolex, you need to plan on spending at least 3,000 euros. You can purchase the introductory model, Oyster Perpetual, for this price. You can occasionally find pre-owned vintage watches from this Genevan manufacturer for less than 1,000 euros. The Submariner, one of the first and most famous diving watches in the world, is available pre-owned for around 4,100 euros. New, it costs around 5,600 euros. Rolex's chronograph, the Daytona, is available for around 7,500 euros.
The most expensive automatic watches are from brands such as Audemars Piguet and Patek Philippe. These watches are often made of platinum or 18-karat gold and feature countless diamonds on their dial and/or case. At times, these watches are also incredibly expensive as they're rare vintage watches coveted by collectors. Prices over 1 million euros are not too rare when it comes to these watches.

The Technology Behind Automatic Watches

The mainspring of an automatic watch is, as the name suggests, automatically wound by the movement itself. The mainspring is wound, becomes tense, and stores energy. This happens through the natural movements of the wearer's arm when the watch is on his or her wrist. This mechanism eliminates the need to manually wind the mainspring. Instead, an oscillating mass - often the rotor - winds the mainspring. Gravity causes the flexibly mounted rotor to move towards the center and a gear-train transfers the energy from the rotor's movement to the barrel. Viewed from a physics standpoint, the mechanism converts kinetic energy into potential energy.
There are automatic movements that wind in one or both directions. Bi-directional winding movements have so-called reverser gears. These ensure that the rotor winds the barrel in both directions. Uni-directional winding movements actually wind bidirectionally, but the mainspring is only wound in one direction. Both variants have a reduction gear which converts the fast movements of the rotor into slower movements with more torque. The end of the mainspring is not directly connected to the barrel so that it doesn't snap off when it's fully wound. The outer end of the spring is outfitted with a bridle, which keeps the pressure on the mainspring's outermost coil. When not fully wound, that pressure allows the outer end of the mainspring to be caught in a notch in the barrel wall. Once the spring is fully wound, it moves along to the next notch.
Automatic watches have many advantages: They're comfortable, environmentally-friendly, and usually more precise. This improved precision is due to the mainspring, which is always tense and has a more constant torque than mainsprings in hand-wound calibers. This has a positive effect on the amplitude. The amplitude is the balance wheel's degree of rotation and refers to the wheel's maximum rotation angle between equilibrium and a reversal point.

Technical Details of Automatic Watches

  • The winding rotor winds the mainspring in the barrel
  • Advantages: no manual winding required, environmentally-friendly, more precise
  • Uni-directional and bi-directional winding movements

The Origins of Automatic Watches

Automatic winding is one of the most important and long-lasting innovations in the history of watchmaking and the mechanism is one of the most widespread complications in use today.
Today's automatic watches can trace their origin back to the year 1729. Abraham-Louis Perrelet improved the winding mechanism of pocket watches in the 18th century. A small key was required to wind a movement before this improvement. Since the key was never there when you needed it, winding mechanisms that didn't require a key were in high demand. Perrelet wanted to invent a self-winding pocket watch. In 1770, he introduced his pedometer watch after countless attempts. The watch had an oscillating weight which teetered back and forth as the wearer walked. The motion caused the oscillating weight to tense the mainspring. Perrelet also developed a caliber with a winding rotor which swiveled above the movement. With these innovations, the groundwork for today's automatic watches was laid.
Refined men carried their pocket watches tucked away safely in their jacket, vest, or pants. The timepieces barely moved while in their pockets, which meant that the oscillating mass didn't have enough energy to wind the mainspring. The crown-wind method solved the key-wind problem in the mid-19th century, making the automatic pocket watch superfluous.

The First Automatic Wristwatches

The French watchmaker Léon Leroy was also a pioneer in the development of automatic watches. He presented his first automatic wristwatch in 1922. Some of these watches even had a date display. However, Leroy was far away from being able to mass produce a series.
The British watchmaker John Harwood lead automatic wristwatches to series production. He began working on automatic movements in 1922. Two years later, he patented his work, paving the way for the first series-produced automatic wristwatches.
Rolex's Oyster Perpetual was one of the first automatic wristwatches. Rolex introduced the watch to the market in 1931. It's one of the few early models that has lasted over the years and is still produced today. The principle behind Oyster Perpetual's winding rotor is at the heart of every modern automatic wristwatch.

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